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The update mirror is the folder to which update files are copied. The update mirror can be used as the Dr.Web update source for other local network computers that are not connected to the Internet.
Click on the Dr.Web icon in the system tray, and in the Dr.Web menu, select Security Center;
First, on any computer with Internet access, copy the following 3 files—take them from a computer on which a standalone anti-virus requiring updating is installed:
These files are necessary and sufficient to start creating an update mirror. In the example below, all of these files will be saved in the folder C:\mirror on a PC with Internet access.
The update utility has several operating modes and a myriad of parameters, which are described in the documentation. After placing all the above-mentioned files in the correct directory (in this case, C:\mirror), you must run the command prompt as administrator and set the following command in it:
C:\mirror\drwupsrv.exe -c download -s 90 --zones=C:\mirror\drwzones.xml -r C:\mirror\repo --key-dir=C:\mirror --data-dir=C:\mirror -l --log-dir=C:\mirror --verbosity debug
|-c [ --command ] arg (=update)||
The executable command: getversions — get versions, getcomponents — get components, update — update, uninstall — remove, exec — execute, keyupdate — update the key, download — download.
In our case, the update mirror must first be downloaded. Accordingly, the download mode is used for downloading.
|-d [ --data-dir ]||The path to the directory where the current product repository is located. In practice, indicating this parameter is very important if any version of the Dr.Web anti-virus is already installed on the PC where the mirror is being created.|
|--key-dir arg||The directory serving as the location of the current key, without which the download from the zone will be impossible. If the parameter is omitted, the key is taken from the directory in which the updater itself is located.|
|-l [ --progress-to-console ]||Display information in the console about the update utility’s operation. It can be convenient to track the updating process or the mirror’s creation in real time.|
|--log-dir arg||Sets the utility’s regular log location directory with the default name — dwupdater.log. If this parameter is not specified, the log will still be recorded, but in its regular directory C:\ProgramData\Doctor Web\Logs, which is not always convenient.
|-r [ --repo-dir ] arg||The repository folder in which the update mirror will be downloaded. By default <data_dir>/repo|
|-s [ --version ] arg||The name of the product list version. For all product versions, starting with 9.0, this parameter is 90. That means that this parameter will always be equal to 90 for 10.0, 11, 11.5, or 12.0.|
|-v [ --verbosity ]||Sets the update utility’s log verbosity. It can have the following values: error (standard), info (advanced), debug (debugging).|
|--zones arg||The path to the file containing a list of update areas (drwzones.xml). This tells the update utility where to download the mirror from.|
-g [ --proxy ] lets you specify the address of a proxy server for updating in the format <address>: <port>. Example
If, on the PC where the mirror is being created, a proxy server is used when connecting to the Internet, when you start creating the mirror from the command line, you need to set additional parameters:
C:\mirror\drwupsrv.exe -c download -s 90 --zones=C:\mirror\drwzones.xml -r C:\mirror\repo --key-dir=C:\mirror --data-dir=C:\mirror -l --log-dir=C:\mirror --verbosity debug --proxy=188.8.131.52:3128 --user=qwerty --password=qwerty
-u [ --user ] и
-k [ --password ] allow you to specify the proxy server login and password, if available. Example:
-u qwerty -k qwerty
You can find out the name of the current computer in a variety of ways. The fastest one is the shortcut Win + Pause break. In the System Properties window – Computer name. You can also open the properties of any shortcut or file and go to the tab Details or Security. Another way to find out a local computer’s name is using the hostname command. You can find out the name of a remote computer by running ping with the parameter -a, for example: ping -a 184.108.40.206
In the Update source section, you can also select the option Anti-Virus Network. In the opened line, select the local address of the computer on which the Dr.Web product is installed and the update mirror is configured.
Similar to the download mode (download) the utility also has the update mode (update) and a corresponding set of parameters, some of which are unique for this mode.
To run the utility in the update mode, the parameter
-c [ --command ] with the update value is used.
To initiate updating from the mirror that is, in this example, located in the folder
C:\mirror\drwupsrv.exe -c update -r C:\mirror\repo -l --log-dir=C:\mirror --verbosity debug
Important! Updating the anti-virus from the mirror using the update utility in command line mode has its own characteristics. The anti-virus installed on the computer will not record such a launch of the update utility. The databases and components will be updated, but the main control anti-virus service "will not find out" about it. Similarly, only using the update utility log can you find out whether the updating process occurred correctly. It follows from this that when using a similar way to update the product, you may receive the error "The virus databases are outdated", when in fact they will be updated. This feature is related to the anti-virus architecture. Launching the update utility separately from the control services is a process that is required only for service purposes.
Usually, it is recommended that you use the standard way to update via the interface.
Certified versions can be updated using one of two methods:
Versioning and the originality of files is very important if a certified product is installed on an isolated computer. Updating a certified version via the mirror that was created by the actual (release) version of the anti-virus will change the checksums of the executable files and lead to the loss of Information Security System certification status. The drwzones.xml file, taken from the anti-virus that was installed from a certified distribution, will contain its own update zone. During the mirror creation process, it will be used to load database and component updates. Using a release drwzones.xml will lead to the loss of the certified status.
To minimise the risks of damaging files when transferring them manually to the directory from which updates will be downloaded, we recommend using a file manager with a binary data transfer mode when transferring a folder. An alternative solution is to transmit files in an archive.
Update the anti-virus on computers, using the obtained repository.