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Getting started

The process of creating a mirror with the utility begins with finding and copying the files necessary for this procedure. To do this, the below files must first be copied from a PC whose standalone antivirus needs updating to a target PC that has access to the external network.

  • The Dr.Web license key file.
    • For users of commercial licenses for business products: agent.key
    • For users of home versions: drweb32.key

    The key file can be downloaded from the email received after the serial number’s initial registration.

  • The file with the zone.ini or update.drl update zones for the group of resources that you need to download. Unlike .drl files, .ini files contain multiple mirror URLs, which allows a backup mirror to be used when the main one is unavailable.

Typical paths for the required resources:

Resources Linux-like operating systems FreeBSD
Key file /etc/opt/ /usr/local/libexec/
The directory containing the virus databases /var/opt/ ases /var/
The directory containing the anti-spam databases /var/opt/ ntispam /var/ pam
The directory containing the databases of unwanted sites /var/opt/ ws /var/

Each of the files specified in the directory table contains zone.ini and update.drl, one of which should be copied (together with the key file) to the PC where the utility is going to be used to download the databases.

To determine the current paths to the directories containing databases, execute the following commands.

For the virus databases:

$ drweb-ctl cfshow Update.BaseDrlDir

For the anti-spam databases:

$ drweb-ctl cfshow Update.AntispamDrlDir

For the databases of unwanted sites:

$ drweb-ctl cfshow Update.DwsDrlDir

Downloading databases

Download the Dr.Web utility fromDoctor Web's official site to create a local update mirror and go to the directory containing the utility in the console or terminal emulator.

Examples of commands from the text below will differ from each other depending on the OS and configuration used.

In the examples below, the utility is run on Linux; the required resources (key file and .ini files) are located in the same directory as the utility; and the updates are saved in the /tmp/updates directory. You can specify any other directory for saving updates if you have the rights to write into it. If the specified folder does not exist, it will be created during the resource download process. For clarity, let's rename the zone.ini files for the different groups of resources used in the example, in bases.ini, antispam.ini, and dws.ini.

Allow the launch of the utility:

$ chmod +x drweb-mirror-11.1-linux-amd64

Required parameters: --path, --key, any of the keys --bases-drl, --bases-ini, --antispam-drl, --antispam-ini, --dws-drl, --dws-ini and the path to the corresponding .drl or .ini file.

The optional --arch parameter specifies the target architecture for which updates are downloaded. By default, it matches the architecture of the computer that executes the command with this parameter. If updates are intended for a computer with a different architecture, specify it after this parameter.

Download the virus databases:

$ ./drweb-mirror-11.1-linux-amd64 --path /tmp/updates --key drweb32.key -bases-ini bases.ini

Download the anti-spam databases:

$ ./drweb-mirror-11.1-linux-amd64 --path /tmp/updates --key drweb32.key -antispam-ini antispam.ini

Download the databases of unwanted sites:

$ ./drweb-mirror-11.1-linux-amd64 --path /tmp/updates --key drweb32.key -dws-ini dws.ini

Updating Dr.Web on computers without Internet access

Copy the update directory to the computer whose anti-virus needs updating and then execute the following command:

# drweb-ctl update --from /tmp/updates


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